What I have learnt so far is that the aim of this class is to get us comfortable with adapting our research skills above and beyond a Google search. Also, we will learn to have a clear understanding about the different tools a network includes, and how they work. Stephen explained to us that there are five aspects of “old communication technology”, which are: Graphic, written, printing, electro- mechanical and oral. Graphic communication includes cave drawings, fetishes and body adornment such as body piercing and tattoos. Written communication includes alphabets, records and letters. Printing communication includes books, newspapers and pamphlets. Electro-mechanical communication includes telephone, television, radio and cinema.

Oral communication includes story telling, songs, ballads, speeches and poetry which people have listened to and passed on. Although, this type of communication can become considerably faulty. This meaning, spoken messages which get passed down too other people can cause confusion. An example of this is a story from World War Two. Apparently, during a battle a British major shouted to his subordinate to pass on a message. The message was “Bring reinforcements, we’re going to advance…” After being passed on from person to person, in the middle of a loud battle, the message was eventually sent via field phone to the British General. In the end, the message he received was “Bring three four pence, we’re going to a dance.” Although, this is just a story it gives a good example as to how a verbal message can be change when passed down by many people and therefore is not the most reliable source of communication (Rolls n.d.).


Rolls, G. n.d. Chinese Whispers: Getting Your Message Understood In The Corporate World, viewed 27 July 2012.



In this article, Rolls speaks about how during WW2, a British major passed down a spoken message from person to person during a battle. Also, how when the receiver of that message got the verbal commands, the words hade been changed by the people who sent it on.